What is digital currency? and how digital currencies work in the world

What is digital currency

Digital currency is a currency with the ability to exchange and invest on Blockchain platforms. Later, when the digital currency has evolved to a higher level, it has the potential to completely change the way society is thinking about it. Meanwhile, the rise of cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, along with countless other cryptocurrencies. It only exists in electronic form, so global central banks study how digital currencies work in the country.

And now let’s get started What is digital currency

What is digital currency?

First of all, if we want to better understand digital currency, we must know what it is. Digital cryptocurrencies are all types of money that exist in electronic form, bought, sold and traded through Blockchain systems. In the financial system of most countries, cryptocurrencies are dominating. Example: In the US, the existing currency in circulation is only one-tenth of the total money supply; the rest will be kept in different banks in the form of cryptocurrencies.

What is digital currency
What is digital currency

There is a special point that the difference between digital money and cryptocurrencies is now mostly found in American bank accounts. It does not exist in physical form. You can then go to the ATMs and convert the electronic records from those cryptocurrencies into physical dollars. However, digital currency will never exist in physical form. It always exists on computer networks and is exchanged through digital means.

Example: No need to use physical dollar bills, you will make purchases by digitally transferring money to retailers using your mobile devices. In terms of functionality, it should be no different than how you handle your money using payment apps like Paypal, Venmo, as well as Apple Pay. And i know What is digital currency?

With the successful launch of decentralized cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, then they are stored value but not managed by any central authority. Governments and central banks around the world are still researching the possibility of creating their own digital currencies. That is called a central bank digital currency.

How digital currencies work around the world.

Despite the potential benefits of US CBDCs, it remains a concept so far. Around the world, other countries are moving further on digital currencies such as the Bahamas Sand Dollar project, which is currently in production. Along with China’s digital yuan, it is one of the largest CBDC programs and the project was successfully launched in 2014.

First, the trial took place in a pilot city. That forced them to spend millions of yuan to prove it worked through the lottery. Lottery winners will receive a free CBDC, which they can freely spend at stores that accept it locally. While this has not been used on a national scale, for China the platform is ready, it will be offered through banks and mobile providers, such as Alipay. Meanwhile the central banks of both China and the UAE are working on a project to use blockchain and CBDC for all regional payments between countries. Once the project is successful, they will create a huge incentive for other countries to create their own CBDCs.

Because of these trends, Lilya Tessler, the head of Sidley’s Fintech and Blockchain team, is optimistic about the future use of digital currency. “We will certainly see possible mass adoption of digital currency, but it is really difficult to predict what it will look like. The CBDC will be able to replace the paper version of the US dollar. With that, society can focus on mainstream adoptions of a decentralized cryptocurrency.”

What is Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC)?

When it comes to CBDC, we immediately think of a central bank digital currency, which is a digital currency that is issued and supervised by the central bank of a country. It is similar to Bitcoin, but once Bitcoin is managed by the Federal Reserve with the support of the US government.

While no national central bank has yet to launch its own digital currency, at least 80% of central banks are currently working on the technology in depth. In the United States of America, the Federal Reserve along with MIT are jointly conducting research on CBDC and must approve the Hamilton project.

What is Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC)?
What is Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC)?

The function of this project is to identify a digital currency that can work in the United States and what systems are needed to make it a reality. This project will publish a research paper and will make it open source license for any code they write so that everyone involved can test and work with it.

But despite this research, in a speech to Congress, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell recently suggested that the possibility of a Fed-backed digital dollar is still far away. hitherto.

How CBDC  Works

While CBDCs are American, the present may be a long way off, but Jim Cunha, Senior Vice President of the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston shared how CBDCs or digital dollars work. Cunha said that a CBDC should be able to function similarly to the actual cash that we use “If I give you a CBDC, it will be like I give you physical money, similar to a 100 note. dollars. Then you will have that money in your account and I cannot get it back.”

So this will be the main difference compared to other forms of electronic payment in the world today. For example, transfer by ACH or PayPal. “If I send you money through the Paypal system, it is a promise that the money will come. Your balance will then show funds, but that money hasn’t actually moved between banks yet.”

How CBDC  Works

Therefore, when the transactions are not irrevocable and the other party is reversible; only 60 days for ACH transfers may not be made. For transfers via CBDC, your funds will be sent almost instantly with no cancellation whatsoever.

Also CBDC has another advantage that it can legally be considered a tender. That means economic entities must accept it for any legal purpose, you can pay taxes with it. Cunha said

This represents a contrast to other digital currencies that are not legal tender in the United States.

An indicator that a certain provider must accept crypto directly, so people can convert crypto into US dollars before making transactions. When you use crypto to pay then you create a taxable event, which means you will be able to owe capital gains tax every time you buy something with Bitcoin or Ether cryptocurrency.

This is to supplement any sales tax. With a CBDC, you will owe any applicable sales taxes, and that’s the same as using physical currency.

The advantages of digital currency

Make payments faster. When you use digital currency, you can complete payments much faster than current means, like ACH or wire transfer, which can take several days for financial institutions to confirm.

Make international transfers less expensive. For international currency transactions will be very expensive; Individuals will be charged high fees to transfer money back and forth between countries. More specifically, it involves currency conversion.

Help access 24/7. Currently, money transfers often take a long time on weekends or outside office hours because banks are closed and cannot confirm transactions. With digital currency, transactions will be operated at the same regulated rate 24 hours a day and seven days a week.

The advantages of digital currency
The advantages of digital currency

American families do not have a bank account. And finally, they have to pay expensive fees to be able to withdraw cash and send payments to others via money transfer. And if the country implements a CBDC, unbanked individuals will be able to access their funds and pay their bills without additional fees.

Make government payments more efficient. When the government develops a CBDC, it can send payments like tax refunds, maybe child benefits, and food stamps to everyone quickly. Instead of trying to send checks or prepaid debit cards to them by mail.

Help them not require physical production and do not get dirty. For physical currency there are a lot of requirements, such as having to set up physical production facilities, for digital currency it is not. Such currencies would also be as immune to physical defects or impurities as physical currency.

The disadvantages of digital currency

There are so many currencies that it is difficult to navigate at the moment. Currently, the popularity of cryptocurrencies is actually a major drawback. On blockchains there are many cryptocurrencies created and all have their own limitations. It will take some time to determine the appropriate digital currency for certain situations.

Need to learn how to use them. While cash we don’t learn to use as complicated as digital money. It requires users to learn how to perform basic tasks. For example, how to open a digital wallet and store digital assets safely and properly. For wider adoption of cryptocurrencies, simpler systems are needed.

Expensive can occur on blockchain transactions. When cryptocurrencies use blockchain where computers will have to solve very complex equations to verify and possibly record the transaction. This will cost a significant amount and be expensive because there are more transactions. But, this would not exist for a CBDC, as they would likely be controlled by the central bank and the processes could be unnecessarily complicated.

Large fluctuations in the price of digital currency. The price movement and value of cryptocurrencies can change suddenly. Cunha believes this will be why businesses don’t want to use it as a medium of exchange. However, CBDCs have a much more stable value, like paper money, and cannot be volatile like this.

Developing a CBDC will take a lot of time and taxes. When a US CBDC is still a hypothesis. If the government decides to set up a company, it will have a number of costs that will be associated with its development.

Easily exploited by hackers. Cryptocurrencies are vulnerable to hacking, hackers can steal cryptocurrencies from your online wallet or change the protocols for cryptocurrencies, making them usable. As with many proven cases of cryptocurrency hacking, the security of digital systems and currencies is a work in progress.

They don’t solve all storage and infrastructure problems. Although they do not require a physical wallet, digital currencies will have their own set of tokens to be able to store and process them. Example: An Internet connection is required to smart devices and the devices involved in their provisioning. Even highly secure online wallets will be needed to store cryptocurrencies.

The impact of digital money on you

If a digital currency were to be adopted in the United States, it would work as an alternative to cash but it would also offer the advantage of integrating quick money transfers since it is a cryptocurrency. Even though a digital currency is a cryptocurrency, it will need to be as accessible as cash.

“Anyone can use it.” Chip-based card recommendations, POS systems and web accounts are alternative ways that you can access CBDC. Cunha believes that an offline way of handling transactions needs to be developed, so that two parties can exchange CBDCs even if they are not using a mobile network or a WIFI network.

Cunha also acknowledges that there is work to do and a lot of industry input, but it will be well worth the investment. “While no decision has been made to ignore this study, I do believe that a CBDC should be fully investigated and has great potential, just think about the Internet and how far it has come since then. from the first days. With CBDC, the possibilities are endless.” Mr. Cunha said.


Through what we have researched about What is digital currency, the information has been shared here. Currently, digital currency is increasingly being developed and gradually becoming popular in the near future. In this article, we hope that one day digital currencies will be released and widely used in every country in the world and anyone can use them easily. With its many advantages, digital currency will be favored by investors and chosen as their investment asset. Cunha had a few ideas about what this would look like for consumers. “Our assumption is that it will be free or near free, which will be the same as cash. other private companies can innovate and can add fees on top of that, but that has to be added a lot more.”

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